Nuxt Color Mode

Dark and Light mode with auto detection made easy with Nuxt ๐ŸŒ—


  • Nuxt 3 and Nuxt Bridge support
  • Add .${color}-mode class to <html> for easy CSS theming
  • Force a page to a specific color mode (perfect for incremental development)
  • Works with client-side and universal rendering
  • Auto detect system color-mode
  • Supports IE9+ ๐Ÿ‘ด

Live demo

Nuxt color mode demo

Checkout the online demo and source code.


The current version of @nuxtjs/color-mode is compatible with Nuxt 3 and Nuxt Bridge.
If you're looking for the previous version of this module, check out, or read more about the differences.

Add @nuxtjs/color-mode dependency to your project:

yarn add --dev @nuxtjs/color-mode
npm install --save-dev @nuxtjs/color-mode
pnpm i --save-dev @nuxtjs/color-mode

Then, add @nuxtjs/color-mode to the modules section of your nuxt.config.ts

export default defineNuxtConfig({
  modules: ['@nuxtjs/color-mode']

You are ready to start theming your CSS with .dark-mode and .light-mode classes โœจ


You can access the color mode helper by either calling useColorMode() or accessing $colorMode directly in your template. This helper has the following properties:

  • preference: Actual color-mode selected (can be 'system'), update it to change the user preferred color mode
  • value: Useful to know what color mode has been detected when $colorMode === 'system', you should not update it
  • unknown: Useful to know if during SSR or Generate, we need to render a placeholder
  • forced: Useful to know if the current color mode is forced by the current page (useful to hide the color picker)
    <h1>Color mode: {{ $colorMode.value }}</h1>
    <select v-model="$colorMode.preference">
      <option value="system">System</option>
      <option value="light">Light</option>
      <option value="dark">Dark</option>
      <option value="sepia">Sepia</option>

<script setup>
const colorMode = useColorMode()


body {
  background-color: #fff;
  color: rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
.dark-mode body {
  background-color: #091a28;
  color: #ebf4f1;
.sepia-mode body {
  background-color: #f1e7d0;
  color: #433422;

Force a color mode

You can force the color mode at the page level (only parent) by setting the colorMode property:

  <h1>This page is forced with light mode</h1>

// For Nuxt Bridge
export default {
  colorMode: 'light',
// For Nuxt 3
  colorMode: 'light',

This feature is perfect for implementing dark mode to a website incrementally by setting the not-ready pages to colorMode: 'light'.

We recommend to hide or disable the color mode picker on the page since it won't be able to change the current page color mode, using $colorMode.forced value.


You can configure the module by providing the colorMode property in your nuxt.config.js; here are the default options:

import { defineNuxtConfig } from 'nuxt'

export default defineNuxtConfig({
  modules: ['@nuxtjs/color-mode'],
  colorMode: {
    preference: 'system', // default value of $colorMode.preference
    fallback: 'light', // fallback value if not system preference found
    hid: 'nuxt-color-mode-script',
    globalName: '__NUXT_COLOR_MODE__',
    componentName: 'ColorScheme',
    classPrefix: '',
    classSuffix: '-mode',
    storageKey: 'nuxt-color-mode'


  • 'system' is a special value; it will automatically detect the color mode based on the system preferences (see prefers-color-mode spec). The value injected will be either 'light' or 'dark'. If no-preference is detected or the browser does not handle color-mode, it will set the fallback value.
  • Optional dataValue lets you add dataset to the html, for example if you currently have class="dark" on html, dataValue: 'theme' will also set data-theme="dark" on html. This is useful when using library like daisyUI that uses data-theme="light" on html to apply theme.


When $colorMode.preference is set to 'system', using $colorMode in your Vue template will lead to a flash. This is due to the fact that we cannot know the user preferences when pre-rendering the page since they are detected on client-side.

To avoid the flash, you have to guard any rendering path which depends on $colorMode with $colorMode.unknown to render a placeholder or use our <ColorScheme> component.


  <ColorScheme placeholder="..." tag="span">
    Color mode: <b>{{ $colorMode.preference }}</b>
    <span v-if="$colorMode.preference === 'system'">(<i>{{ $colorMode.value }}</i> mode detected)</span>


  • placeholder: String
  • tag: String, default: 'span'


Tailwind v2 introduced dark mode, in order to work with @nuxtjs/color-mode, you need to set darkMode: 'class' in your tailwind.config.js:

module.exports = {
  darkMode: 'class'

Then in your nuxt.config.ts, set the classSuffix option to an empty string:

export default defineNuxtConfig({
  modules: ['@nuxtjs/color-mode'],
  colorMode: {
    classSuffix: ''

Migrating to v3

v3 of @nuxtjs/color-mode requires either Nuxt Bridge or Nuxt 3. (If you are using Nuxt 2 without Bridge, you should continue to use v2.)

  1. The main change between Nuxt 2 -> Nuxt 3 is that you will define your color mode at the page level with definePageMeta:
  <h1>This page is forced with light mode</h1>

- <script>
- export default {
-   colorMode: 'light',
- }
+ <script setup>
+ definePageMeta({
+   colorMode: 'light',
+ })

โš ๏ธ If you are using Nuxt Bridge, you should not use definePageMeta but instead continue using the component option colorMode.

  1. The $colorMode helper remains the same, but there is also a new composable (useColorMode) which is the recommended way of accessing color mode information.
  2. If you were directly importing color mode configuration types, note that this has been renamed to ModuleOptions.


You can contribute to this module online with CodeSandBox:

Edit @nuxtjs/color-mode

Or locally:

  1. Clone this repository
  2. Install dependencies using pnpm install
  3. Start development server using pnpm dev


MIT License

Copyright (c) Nuxt Team